Md Abu Abrar1, Yue Dong1, Paul Kyuheon Lee2 & Woo Soo Kim1
Here we report a flexible amperometric lactate biosensor using silver nanoparticle-based conductive electrode. Mechanically bendable cross-serpentine-shaped silver electrode is generated on flexible substrate for the mechanical durability such as bending. The biosensor is designed and fabricated
by modifying silver electrode with lactate oxidase immobilized by bovine serum albumin. The in- sensor pseudo Ag/AgCl reference electrode is fabricated by chloridization of silver electrode, which evinced its long-term potential stability against a standard commercial Ag/AgCl reference electrode. The amperometric response of the sensor shows linear dependence with lactate concentration of
1~25 mM/L. Anionic selectivity is achieved by using drop-casted Na on coated on silver electrode against anionic interferences such as ascorbate. This non-invasive electrochemical lactate sensor also demonstrates excellent resiliency against mechanical deformation and temperature fluctuation which leads the possibility of using it on human epidermis for continuous measurement of lactate from sweat. Near field communication based wireless data transmission is demonstrated to reflect a practical approach of the sensor to measure lactate concentration portably using human perspiration.
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